6 Most Common Types Of Medical Malpractice Lawsuits

Here are some common reasons for medical malpractice claims.
By Savannah Moss
Image: Martha Dominigue | Unsplash

When treating patients, doctors and other healthcare workers occasionally make mistakes. Victims have the right to pursue malpractice lawsuits to obtain compensation when those mistakes constitute medical negligence and result in severe losses and damage. People who suffer injuries due to medical malpractice may experience severe disability, deteriorated health, and significant financial losses. 

One such medical malpractice case was Exactech Knee Replacements. The packaging of Exactech, a knee joint replacement device, did not meet the requirements, leading to its product recall. Patients who sustained injuries from the faulty Exactech unit had to undergo knee revision surgeries. Although the lawsuit involving Exactech falls under product liability claims, a malpractice element may be involved depending on the situation’s specifics. 

Several factors determine the nature of a medical malpractice lawsuit. This article outlines the different types of medical malpractice lawsuits.

Image: Martha Dominguez | Unsplash

Misdiagnoses Or Delayed Diagnoses:

One of the most prevalent forms of medical negligence in malpractice claims is misdiagnosis and delayed diagnoses. Misdiagnosis happens when a doctor fails to identify a patient’s ailment and instead diagnoses the patient with the incorrect condition or claims the patient is healthy. The treating physician may be held accountable for malpractice if a reasonably competent and skillful physician would not have made the diagnostic error under the identical set of facts.

Failure To Treat:

In certain circumstances, a patient who has been appropriately diagnosed may not get the right care. When a doctor has an excessive number of patients and puts financial gain ahead of patient safety, situations like this may arise. A doctor may not treat patients with the utmost diligence if they have too many patients. The physician can neglect to refer a specialist or arranging for the necessary aftercare. Circumstances like these may be liable to a medical malpractice claim. 

Medication Errors:

Medication errors can happen at any stage, from the first prescription to drug administration. For instance, the patient could be harmed if a doctor provides the incorrect drug or a medication meant to address a problem that wasn’t properly diagnosed. The correct medication could be administered to the incorrect patient in a hospital environment. But dose mistakes are the most frequent prescription errors, where a patient is given too much or too little treatment.

Surgical Mistakes:

Mistakes made in the operating room are a common source of medical malpractice claims. A surgeon could be careless during the procedure, damaging internal organs, performing surgery on the incorrect body part, or leaving surgical instruments in the body. Alternatively, the nursing staff might not provide adequate post-operative care, leading to issues like a risky infection. Before surgery, patients are asked to sign a consent document, but this does not preclude them or their surviving family members from filing a malpractice claim.

Childbirth Injuries:

Negligence on the part of a doctor or obstetrician can happen before or during childbirth. Negligent medical care during pregnancy could harm the foetus or the mother, including failing to detect congenital defects or an ectopic pregnancy. A doctor’s carelessness during labour, such as failing to recognise symptoms of foetal distress or using forceps or a vacuum extractor improperly, could injure the mother and endanger the baby.

Anesthesia Errors:

Mishaps during anaesthesia are frequently more dangerous than surgical errors. Anesthesiologists must be extremely careful since even a minor mistake can cause severe harm, brain damage, or even death. Even before administering anaesthesia, an anesthesiologist may ignore potential risks in the patient’s medical history or fail to explain or consider the hazards associated with preoperative instructions, especially in cases of pregnancies and childbirth

Legal Help:

Retaining legal counsel is the first step in pursuing a medical malpractice claim. Unlike in other legal fields, self-representation is not an option in these circumstances. An adept lawyer can decide which state’s laws apply, depending on whether your rights are governed by the one in which you reside or the one in which you were wounded.

Image: Abby Anaday | Unsplash

As a victim of medical negligence, you have the right to file a lawsuit against those liable for your harm. These may be individual healthcare providers, medical equipment manufacturers, firms that administer health care, insurance providers, or government agencies. 

Final Thoughts:

Medical malpractice and product liability might interact in complicated ways, but for patients, the focus is usually that the doctor’s carelessness is actionable. A committed and competent lawyer may be required to distinguish between various situations. However, while an experienced lawyer may help you recover compensation for damages, it is equally important to focus on your physical recovery. Maintaining an environment and healing atmosphere is essential for rapid recovery.